SUEZ’ contribution to the ReLieve Project

While the number of end-of-life vehicle batteries is estimated to be at least 1.1 million units by 2030, Suez, launched in 2019 with BASF and Eramet the ReLieVe project for closed-loop battery recycling, positioning itself at the upstream end of the value chain: collection and dismantling. The ambition is to become a leader in electric vehicle battery recycling in France and Europe.

Lithium-ion batteries are first collected in specialized centers in order to dismantle each element.

The first step is to completely discharge the battery and then remove it from the vehicle, this can be done either directly by the car manufacturer, by a specialized scrap yard or by the recycling company.

The next step is the dismantling of the battery, which is usually done directly by the recycling plant. The battery must then be placed in a transport container to go from the extraction center to a specialized battery recycling center. The disassembly phase can be complex as a battery is composed of several modules which themselves contain hundreds of individual lithium-ion cells.

During the dismantling of the batteries, each part is sorted, and each component is recycled differently. These include electronic components, structural elements, plastic and of course metals: each element will then be recycled in an appropriate way. Shredding is used to separate the different elements.

In the ReLieVe Project, Suez is working on the development of a collection schema and of the dismantling process designed to treat End-of-Life electric vehicle Li-Ion batteries. Suez aims at building efficient and relevant logistics models.

As an expert of the recycling and waste management, Suez is proud to bring its competencies and to contribute to the recovery of end-of-life battery components through this partnership.